Proven Collision Prevention on AGVs

agv collision prevention, Proven Collision Prevention on AGVs

AGVs from CEIT use Visionary-T from SICK for collision protection

The future is here and Industry 4.0 applications have become a reality. The reliable control of mobile platforms is an important part of this development. Automated guided vehicles (AGVs) are navigating around in more production facilities and warehouses around the world than ever before. But automated vehicles must learn to “see” in order to prevent collisions.

CEIT, a Slovakian partner of SICK, is using the Visionary-T DT for this purpose. This 3D vision camera detects collision risks in pre-defined three-dimensional spaces even if the light conditions are bad. Even dark obstacles that are protruding into the travel path are reliably detected.

Automated guided vehicles must be able to react flexibly to obstacles in difficult situations and light conditions to ensure smooth 24/7 operation with a high degree of productivity. Versatile, yet durable, sensors are essential for this. With the intelligent Visionary-T DT 3D vision camera from SICK, CEIT has found a mobile 3D vision system that optimally fulfills these requirements.

agv collision prevention, Proven Collision Prevention on AGVs

Detect Objects Even in Dark Corners

The Visionary-T DT operates on the principle of time-of-flight measurement. The 3D vision camera mounted on the vehicle detects a large area in front of the AGV with its three-dimensional detection volume. To capture an image, the Visionary-T DT sends a light signal in the direction of the measuring object.

“The snapshot camera uses the 3D time-of-flight technology to detect information in real time and create a complete 3D image of the area in the direction the vehicle is traveling. AGVs can therefore see objects on or above the floor and react appropriately,” explained Jan Donoval, Product Manager at SICK Czech Republic.

The sensor receives the reflected light for each pixel, and calculates the distance between the camera and the measuring object based on the phase shift. Different phase shifts equate to different distances.

Accordingly, thousands of pixels captured in a single shot, a 3D point cloud, deliver a detailed image of the entire field of vision. This three-dimensional distance image is also called a 3D snapshot. Nearly every object surface is therefore detected. These snapshots reliably prevent collisions with various objects such as racks, other machines, or people. Thanks to the high-performance illumination elements, this also happens under extreme light conditions as well as in darkness and prevents the vehicle from colliding with protruding or hanging objects.

agv collision prevention, Proven Collision Prevention on AGVsConfiguration for Reliable Use

The snapshot camera from SICK can be configured according to the customer requirements using the delivered software. Discrete input signals can be used to change between different configurations. The sensor can therefore be adjusted very quickly to different ambient conditions.

“To cover the relevant 3D volume in front of the vehicle, the 3D detection zone was divided up into several detection groups, which results in a graduated delay behavior,” explained Michal Lorencovič, Electric Designer at CEIT. “For example, we can quickly change between a configuration for pathway travel and for curves using the discrete inputs.”

The focus was on fault-free object detection for an application in an AGV from CEIT. Various special image processing filters were developed to improve the 3D image data quality and detection algorithms to prevent faulty alarms and vehicle stops.

The spatial position of dark, half-transparent or reflective objects can be detected even at large distances with up to 30 images per second. This prevents collisions as well as unnecessary stops, enabling interruption-free operation of the automated guided vehicle systems. This is efficient and increases productivity.

agv collision prevention, Proven Collision Prevention on AGVs

But the Visionary-T DT can do even more. In addition to the finished evaluation of the 3D data for purposes of collision warning and detection directly on the camera, the complete 3D data is also available via TCP/IP along with the sensor responses. The raw 3D data can be used in parallel for other solutions while collision warnings can be output via the discrete outputs as simple sensor responses. Information tailored to the respective application.

agv collision prevention, Proven Collision Prevention on AGVs

Excellent Performance for Mobile Platforms

With the different variants of the Visionary-T, SICK has launched an extremely competitive camera solution on the market for mobile platforms. A market that will surely grow significantly in the next few years and is full of big players, including CEIT and SICK with their industry solutions.

“For CEIT, it is a great success to cooperate with the VW group as a customer as it shows that such innovations are not only accepted but actually required by big companies,” said Dr. Fabian Zimmer, Application Engineer at SICK. “We are constantly working on new developments such as high-resolution 3D snapshot cameras. The earlier innovative companies such as CEIT are involved, the easier it is to consider customer requirements.”

The AGVs from CEIT, now equipped with the Visionary-T DT, are impressing many new clients. For them, the collision avoidance solution in automated guided vehicles means less production downtime in their factories. In addition to Škoda, for example the renowned skylight manufacturer VELUX is another happy customer of CEIT.

agv collision prevention, Proven Collision Prevention on AGVsWant to learn more about the Visionary-T? Contact a SICK Representative today at info@sick.com!

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